Trauma bonds are the emotionally charged link between an abuse victim and their offender. Usually, these relationships grow when one combines attachment with fear. The unavoidable result is a twisted web of a relationship.


Learning to recognize trauma bonding, its causes, and its roots will help one in the first phases of emancipation and healing. Among the alternatives include looking for an advocate, ending the relationship, or consulting a mental health professional.

Bonding Following Trauma: When Does It Happened?
Trauma bonding is the phenomenon wherein a victim of abuse develops an attachment to their abuser. Emotionally linked to the abuser, they could even learn to depend on them for food, clothing, shelter, or affection and attention—basic requirements.

Trauma bonding, a disorder similar to Stockholm syndrome, develops depending on a person’s coping strategies, length of the abuse, and degree of the trauma bonding. Keep in mind, nevertheless, that the victim never bears any responsibility for developing a trauma link.

Trauma bonding is more common in some circumstances even although it can occur in any abusive relationship with an imbalance of power. Allow me to offer you a few examples:

  • Personal violence
  • mistreatment of children
  • Being in an affair
  • Elderly abuse
  • Sceneries of captivity or kidnapping
  • Human beings smuggling
  • Cults and religious ferventism
  • Abuse in the workplace

Why do trauma bonds occur?
Trauma ties origin from a person’s basic need for attachment. Trauma bonding is likely to emerge when an abused victim encounters both mild and severe treatment as well as a sense of threat. Apart from believing there is no way out of their situation, their points of view and emotional distance from other people also reflect this.

When someone goes through these horrific and damaging events, their rational brain fails to react. Conversely, other chemicals in the brain that deal with fear suppress the area often in charge of making logical decisions and take control over the region in responsibility of survival.

Attachments develop as the survival brain, the amygdala, puts survival over reason. A complex scenario marked by a connection defined by both anxiety and comfort results.

After extended exposure, victims of this kind of connection may report feeling emotionally and psychologically alienated from themselves; this alters their brain chemistry and alters their thinking. Most emotions are driven by the chase of a strong feeling. Together with the familiarity, this intensity might make the victim stay close to the abuser.

Trauma bonding may also be more likely among very sensitive individuals who have experienced violence. This might also help to explain why they start blaming themselves rather than facing the mistreatment they are suffering. Still, the exact relationship between trauma bonding and empathy calls more research.

Trauma Bonding: Sensibility
Trauma bonding is more likely to occur in those with particular traits. For instance, these qualities could raise a person’s chances of being emotionally attached to an abusive partner:

  • Get uncomfortable about developing relationships.
  • suffered child maltreatment in childhood.
  • grown in a setting where violence was prevalent
  • Feel alienated and lonely.
  • show signs of insufficient self-worth.

Stress Bonding’s Signs and Symptoms

Though everyone responds differently to trauma, there are several ways in which it might affect individuals. Trauma, for instance, could have subtly deceptive, covert, or overtly destructive impacts. The following are some rather clear reactions to trauma:

A trauma victim could show anger, anxiety, fear, sadness, and guilt. Another possible sign is a numbing response in which the afflicted person feels emotionally and behaviorally detached. Furthermore, for these people emotional dysregulation is a regular occurrence.

physical reactions: People often have physical symptoms regardless of the length of the trauma—long-lasting or brief. They could struggle to fall asleep, for instance. Trauma survivors may credit the abuser with unreasonably high attributes, particularly if that person was a love partner or a caregiver.
In behavior, reactions are: Trauma survivors more often have suicide thoughts and self-harm. They might also modify their behavior or engage in avoidant activities in an attempt to stop the trauma from resurfacing. Problems with substance abuse could perhaps surface in them.
Derived from trauma bonding
Trauma bonding can have many distinct effects on an individual. Still, one clear outcome is an overabundance of cortisol.
Another plethora of additional health issues can result from a trauma bond. Studies have connected maltreatment to a variety of disorders including asthma, fibromyalgia, sexual dysfunction, and depression.

Trauma bonding has certain other effects as well:

  • Giving the person that offended you support or justification
  • Cutting off relationships with loved ones
  • Taking it out on yourself or believing you are responsible for the abuse
  • Attaching people who lack dependability
  • Putting yourself forward to help those who have offended you
  • trying to persuade someone otherwise of clearly exploitative or abusive behavior
  • Maintaining contact with people you know will merely make matters worse.
  • Trusting people who show to be unreliable
  • Getting caught in poisonous relationships
  • Looking for understanding from others who show no desire for the same
  • Arguing with someone who won to pay attention to a concern
  • Maintaining contact with an abuser who rejects accountability for their behavior
  • Fixing on someone who has hurt or suffered you, even long since they left your life,
  • Maintaining strong ties to persons who have betrayed or damaged you
  • Hiding knowledge of abuse or exploitation
  • Strategies for Breaking Through a Trauma Bond
  • The hardest thing is probably realizing you have to break a trauma attachment. If
  • you plan to break off the relationship and move on, you should start getting ready ahead of time. Since abusers can go to great lengths to preserve relationships,
  • you should set some ground rules to initially safeguard yourself.
  • To assemble a professional network to assist you, contact activists, members of your support group, friends, or mental health professionals. Crucially, you want a group of individuals you can rely on while you get ready to go.

You might wish to consider developing a safety plan: Talking to someone who has been in an abusive relationship will help you to get some sensible suggestions on how to safely exit one.
Once one chooses to leave an abusive relationship, it is imperative to go without turning around. Divide cleanly. If you try to straighten things out or offer warnings that you are going to be, your goal will be hindered. You should also aim to prevent all kind of communication. You have to this space to think clearly if your brain is to learn to think more rationally.
One of your first worries should be ensuring your security and looking after yourself once you at last leave an abusive relationship. One should take internal, like appreciating your own value and worth, and external, like changing your number and acting to secure your online safety, under consideration. It can be quite helpful to know where to obtain mental health therapy and where to go should an emergency strike.
Healing from Trauma by Bonding

Though trauma attachments can seem in surmount at first, with time and effort healing and moving on are realistic objectives. Most successfully this can be accomplished with the help of a skilled mental health professional and a solid support system.

Individual therapy helps you develop fresh approaches of thinking about yourself and other people, therefore supporting your recovery. You will learn to accept yourself as you are, acknowledge your feelings, and communicate the truth even if you might feel mixed about the split of your relationship. Remember that this is a process so you need to be patient. Still, recuperation is achievable with constant work.

Remember too that everyone heals at their own speed. A mental health professional can assist you and your family in overcoming trauma resulting from abuse. Having said that, CBT and DBT are not mutually exclusive; some people get greater advantage from one than the other. Actually, trauma survivors usually use DBT during their healing process.8 What counts most is that you are getting the help you need to heal and raise your self-esteem.

Resources at hand
If you believe you could be experiencing trauma bonding or if you recently broke off a poisonous relationship and need help, there are tools at hand. Help is always there whenever you need it if you get in touch with one of these nationwide organizations.

The National Domestic Violence Hotline is a toll-free number that victims of domestic violence can call at any time, day or night. For crisis assistance, dial 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) or 1-800-787-3224 (TTY). Also, you can text “START” to 88788 or use live chat to speak with an advocate anonymously.
It is the responsibility of the National Domestic Violence Hotline to coordinate the Love Is Dignity campaign. To contact this group’s members, just text “LOVEIS” to 22522 or call 1-866-331-9474.

Support for survivors of sexual assault is available 24/7 through the

National Sexual Assault Online Hotline,

which is a component of the RAINN (Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network). Call 1-800-656-HOPE (4673) or use the web chat feature to get help.

Pandora’s Project

The victims of sexual misconduct who run Pandora’s Project provide a safe space for others to talk about their experiences.There is a toll-free hotline that is available around the clock to assist victims of

human trafficking; it is the National Human Trafficking Hotline.

Dialing 1-888-373-7888 will connect you with an anti-trafficking advocate who has received specialized training.

Supported are about 200 languages
If you are depressed, contact a mental health professional or start a support group. Surrounding yourself with good influences that consistently reminds you of your value and worth can help your road to rehabilitation to be more straight-forward.

A Synopsis
If a victim of abuse grows attached to their abuser, they may experience trauma bonding. Cases of sexual assault, kidnapping, human trafficking, and domestic abuse all frequently feature trauma bonding.

Trauma causes the brain to enter survival mode, which creates a complex link between the trauma survivor and the afflicted individual marked by both fear and attachment. Though it’s not simple, breaking a trauma attachment is feasible.

Crucially, you should look for mental health professionals and supporters who can assist you to safely leave violent circumstances and start the healing process following a traumatic occurrence. Especially on one’s own self-perception, one can deliberately break away and change their viewpoint to recover from trauma bonding.