A mood swing is the change in your emotional state that is both unexpected and significant. Emotions ranging from happiness to contentment to despair to rage can change quickly. Mood swings can range from minor fluctuations to major depressed episodes; the latter of which could point to a more severe issue.


Many factors might affect your mood, including hormones, stress level, blood sugar, and temperamental nature. Your mood can also be affected, though, by hypothyroidism, bipolar illness, borderline personality disorder, brain tumours, MS, and other underlying mental and physical conditions.

Knowing what’s causing your mood swings and mental health issues will enable you to improve both.

The nature of mood swings?
Most people have a dynamic mood; thus, a person’s mood could fluctuate during the day depending on their activities and the surroundings. They might start the day calm and happy, but as problems develop they might become quickly agitated or even overwhelmed.

Periodically, there is a somewhat more noticeable change in mood. Your attitude might change quickly from happy and comfortable to anxious and troubled. People with this type of mood fluctuations often experience going from ecstasy one second to terrible misery the next

People’s mood swing symptoms differ widely and are not always clear-cut indicators of the underlying cause of the condition. People with mood disorders, for instance, could experience tremendous swings in their mood that affect their daily activities. Conversely, a transient stressful incident could lead to a change in mood but the symptoms will be mild.

A more severe kind of mood swings could show like this:

  • Issues concentrating on
  • My mind is racing with competing ideas.
  • Transient energy level rise or decline
  • declining quality of living
  • Guilt, worthlessness, or shame
  • Problems falling asleep; changes to eating habits
  • Disinterest in once-enjoyed activities
  • Want to multitask?

Those who already have mental health issues are more prone to have severe mood swings, which can aggravate thinking of suicide or self-harm. Though you may find these feelings challenging, realize that help is available should you find yourself in need.

If you or someone you know is experiencing a crisis, call or text 988 to access the 24/7 free and private National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. For additional information, you can visit SpeakingOfSuicide.com/resources or dial (800) 662-4357 to reach the SAMHSA helpline. There are other resources as well.

Typical Reasons for Mood Variations
Variations in mood can result from many different things. Food, stress, medication, and underlying medical problems are just a few of the elements causing mood swings.

Disorders of Anxiety
Severe mood condition, energy level, and cognitive impairment are indicators of bipolar disorder, a psychiatric condition. Its strong emotions make it among the main causes of abrupt mood swings.

A total of three subtypes of manic-depressive illness—bipolar disorder I, bipolar disorder II, and cyclothymic disorder—affect roughly 4.4% of adults. Your particular subtype is determined by the degree to which your mood swings affect your daily life and the severity of your illness.

Anxiety Disorder Separative
Common symptoms of borderline personality disorder are mood swings, changes in interest, and changes in how one thinks about other people. One day you might feel quite close to someone one; the next you might completely loathe or irritate them. Extreme mood swings, severe mental illness, and unstable relationships all have this similar origin.

Mental illnesses
Depression is regarded as a mood illness even if its symptoms are constantly low mood and other emotional and behavioral deviations. Depression affects one’s ideas, emotions, and behavior; symptoms include irritability, restlessness, and impulse.

One of the most common mental health disorders, at least 21 million American adults have at some point in their life gone through major depression.

Diversity of Mental Health Concerns
Among the several mental illnesses that can produce varying moods are schizophrenia, PTSD, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

People with ADHD sometimes show symptoms like those of bipolar illness, including a decreased need for sleep, fast speech, and higher psychomotor activity. Two Likewise, bipolar illness and schizophrenia could exhibit numerous symptoms. The fundamental difference is that schizophrenic patients have hallucinations and delusions.

Consistent Routines
Your mood is much influenced by your regular activities. Over time, some things can change your mood; examples include not getting enough sleep, too much coffee, or drug use.

Studies show that those who sleep less are more prone to have quick irritability or rage; those who battle with substance misuse may have euphoria then sadness.

Health Disorders
Underlying medical problems including hypothyroidism, multiple sclerosis, brain tumors, and thyroid problems can all lead to mood swings. Among the further possible causes are syphilis, cancer, diabetes, encephalitis, influenza, dementia, and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).two

Research indicates that having a chronic (long-term) illness has psychological as well as physical effects.

Among injectable cancer treatments include alpha-interferon and steroids, mood swings and mania might be side effects. Unlike depressed symptoms, which could show up as a bad mood or inflated self-esteem, manic symptoms could show up as extreme excitement or amazing energy. Another often used acne medication, Accutane (isotretinoin), has been related in certain studies to depression.

Tell your doctor about your symptoms and feelings if you believe your medication is affecting your attitude. They might perhaps alter your dosage or change your medication.

Men’s and women’s mood changes
Men and women have somewhat similar mood swings. There are, nevertheless, some things that, depending on sex, affect your mood. Considering this:
Men have mood swings:

High mood and energy levels define hypomania; one element that could aggravate this condition is increased testosterone levels. But low testosterone can lead to depression. Another medical condition that can cause symptoms like dysphoria (a widespread mood disorder), irritability, tiredness, low libido, lethargy, and poor concentration is hypogonadism, a shortage of particular sex hormones.
In women, bipolar disorder: Hormonal changes brought on by menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy might aggravate mood swings. About 90% of men who have periods suffer with premenstrual syndrome (PMS); a more severe form of PMS called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) affects roughly 5% of men who have periods and causes even more severe mood swings.

The Menopause or pregnancy can cause mood swings that manifest as extreme anger or crying for no apparent cause. Strategies for Emotional Control
You can learn to regulate your mood fluctuations independent of their cause.

Following your treatment plan if you have a mental or physical health issue driving your symptoms will help you first start to control your mood swings. Some more management techniques are:

Established in 1940, the SAMHSA is Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Bipolar Disease

  • Using breathing exercises or visualization to help you regulate your emotions
    Finding inner peace via techniques including yoga, meditation, and mindfulness
    Trying cognitive restructuring—a technique for changing one’s mental and emotional reactions to catastrophic events
  • Recording changes in mood or situations that start emotional episodes in a diary
    Finding the humor or good side of difficult situations
  • Give yourself space or head elsewhere to momentarily distance yourself from the problem.
  • Getting the support you need from loved ones while you’re depressed
  • Understanding When You Should See Your Doctor
  • Changing one’s daily schedule to incorporate more sleep, a better diet, and less stress could assist to steady mood swings. Sometimes, though, your symptoms originate from a medical disorder or medication. See a doctor if your mood changes linger more than two weeks. Also quite reasonable is seeing a doctor earlier should you feel something is amiss.

About 21.4% of the population experiences at least one episode of a mood disorder. See a mental health expert if your symptoms include six or anything else entirely different.

  • Extreme mood swings or an incapacity to handle strong emotions
  • My head is whirling with opposing ideas.
  • Problems emphasizing, negligent behavior
  • Death anxiety
  • Despondency in one’s endeavors.
  • See a mental health professional for guidance on identifying your symptoms and developing a treatment schedule to restore balance to your moods.

Your attitude to mood swings should reflect the source of them. Medication or psychotherapy can help to reduce irregular mood swings brought on by a mental illness. If a medical condition or certain medicine causes mood swings, changing dosage, switching medications, or investigating alternative therapies can help to better control them.

Techniques for Reducing Mood Variability
Although they are unpleasant, mood swings are reality for some people. While getting therapy for your mood swings is a great way to improve your mental health, there are also strategies you may try for prevention including:

  • Making sure enough rest
  • Spending less time in front of TVs in the hours before bed
  • Participating in sports, yoga, hiking, or any kind of physical activity
  • Ensuring enough fluids and properly distributing good food intake across the day
  • Reducing alcohol and coffee intake
  • One excellent approach to maintain your attention on the positive events in your life is gratitude.
  • Quality time with loved ones yields a stable mood and a stress-free mind.
  • Ignoring or too demanding circumstances, people, or opportunities by just saying “no”

A Synopsis
A mood swing is the abrupt change in your emotional state from joyous, tranquil, or content to sad, annoyed, or angry. Natural fluctuations in mood define human existence. If your mood swings are, however, interfering with your daily activities or reducing your quality of life, you should definitely consult a doctor.

Mood swings can include everything from underlying medical problems to certain drugs to variations in hormone levels and even personal behaviour and way of life. Although managing mood problems can be challenging, there are treatments available including medication or counselling as well as preventative actions including giving exercise and sleep first priority.